The Department of Education class hour definition says that for every Carnegie unit of credit hour there should be a minimum of two hours of study. Is this scale still valid? Wouldn’t be more beneficial for student to shift emphasis from time to tasks?

Lolita Paff, PhD, in her Faculty Focus article, Questioning the Two-Hour Rule for Studying, has some great suggestions for instructor to suggest students in order to maximize learning during study time, such as: practice problems, rewrite class notes, create concept maps or flashcards, respond to learning reflection prompts (as a journal, discussion or other formative assessment), quiz to learn (Quizlet offers a free tool with different types of activities to reinforce learning), crib sheets (even if not allowed during exams).